Bonding and finishing coat or plasterboard and skim?
If the former it'll need at least 6 weeks to dry out enough to tile. If the latter a couple of days is sufficient.
PVA it first and they'll fall off in about 6 months! No I'm serious! If PVA gets wet it becomes slightly live again, it doesn't completely return to it's liquid state but it becomes sticky. When you spread tile adhesive onto the wall, the water in the adhesive makes the PVA live and stops the adhesive from penetrating the substrate and providing a mechanical grip.
Most tile adhesive works by crystalising when it sets. The crystals expand into any imperfections in the substrate surface (at a microscopic level) to create a grip. PVA stops this process by creating a barrier between the substrate and the tile adhesive. Basically a moist layer of PVA is then holding the enitre weight of the tiles, grout and adhesive and stopping a great deal of the mechanical grip occuring.
You can tile direct onto the plaster in dry areas, a coat of APD primer around the bath area is a good idea and tank the shower area. Use a decent tile adhesive not the cheapo rubbish from the sheds.
Hi, using this post as vechile to asked rosebery Question.
Is that true? about PVA. I have used it a lot, in all sorts of applications. Tiling, plastering, dot and dag, concrete repairs, etc..
To my knowledge I have yet to have a tile, plaster or plasterboard fall off of anything that I have used PVA on!
I am not saying that your comments are unfounded, far from it. I may have been very lucky in the past and find your comments very interesting and scary.
Yes - scary isn't it but it has happened. Heres a real life example. Builder sticks up a load of ply and being helpful PVAs it. Tiler turns up a week or so later doesn't know it's been PVAd and tiles it. A few months later tiles all over the floor and tiler gets a kicking for something that wasn't really his fault.
I'm just finishing a bathroom where the water had got behind the original tiles. They fell off virtually just by touch. The wal behind was soaking wet and had clearly had stacks of PVA put on it before the last effort.
From a DIY point of view it probably doesn't matter however when you're doing it for a living and there's such a thing as "latent defects" to be considered then I'd rather be safe than sorry.
Oh - don't get me wrong I'm not TOTALLY anti PVA - it has it's uses iand I would admit to frequently using it where it's appropriate. I just don't think it's appropriate in a tiling environment and I really can't understand the national obsession with the stuff.
It's me again!
Good example, but still a little bit confused.
Is problem when the PVA has set and is re-moisterised (sounds a bit girly, I was never confused!) or does this problem still occur when, say you prime the wall and apply tiles for example within the hour when pva is still tacky and what would be the outcome if I plastered wall primed with pva then tiled on plaster without primer? Can I assume that the tiles are going to pull the plastered wall off!
I think of it (practically) in terms of the tiling substrate. If it's shiny (like new finishing plaster or ply) then you're struggling for good mechanical grip before you start. If its a rough surface that's a different question.
Look at it this way you can hang a certain weight per m2 of tiles, adhesive and grout on plasterboard. The weight is quite a bit less per m2 for plaster skim over board.
Yes I would PVA (but well diluted) the brick wall before plastering and would not expect the plaster to fall off unless I really ...... it up!
another question for rosebery; how do you feel about the use of waterproof PVA as a sealer prior to tiling? presumably this would not present the same issues of becoming 'live' when in contact with moisture? or is intended strictly as an adhesive?
just curious, i use an acrylic or latex primer for tiling and normal PVA for plastering.
i must admit i use waterproof PVA for priming exterior walls prior to rendering, rather than the usual PVA.
I am sorry, but I can't agree with Rosebery's fear of PVA. I and everyone else I know in the plastering, painting and tiling trade uses PVA all the time. In fact, the instructions on the product recommend it for these purposes.
Of course, the point of using a pva is to stabilise the surface prior to any finish, not to assist with the adhesion. Without it any porous surface will result in an inadequate bond and any tile WILL fall off.
Yes it can be better to use waterproof sealants, but to be honest if water gets behind tiles never mind any pva, all is lost anyway. It's just a matter of time as even waterproof tile adhesive will soften and fail if constantly wet let alone any plaster substrate.
As for the quote about tiles falling off plywood, I would simply say the wrong adhesive was used and that had nothing to do with the PVA. Sorry.
I agree with plumbob, I am a general builder and qualified plasterer of 14 years and watered down pva (4:1) should always be used to seal new surfaces before tiling(or even sealing in bath prior to tiling and must be allowed to dry over night before silicone will bond properly) and almost neat pva(2:1) on low suction areas such as concrete. Of course the plaster must be dry first. 6 weeks for bonded out walls seems a bit overkill but once it has gone light coloured all over is ok. Tiling on timber of any sort requires special adhesive to ensure a longterm bond. Ignore at your own peril... :-(
The reason for bonding porous surfaces with a PVA solution is to stop the moisture being sucked out of the adhesive. If the surface is too porous the adhesive wont set properly and will dry too quickly. this may cause the tiles to fall off. Pva should be diluted to suit the surface also when dry I do not agree that it will return to a liquid state unless possibly it has been subjected to continued soaking (Like maybe underwater for many hours).