How to use a File - A Guide to Using a File Effectively

Summary: Files are used for smoothing rough surfaces and you get a variety for wood metal, plastic and even tiles. This is a step by step guide to advise you how to use a file to smooth and remove uneven materials. Find out how you use all kinds of files; wood files, metal files or even ceramic tiles files.

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A file is usually a metalwork tool. Unlike a woodworking file which is called a rasp, where the teeth are set very wide apart, a rasp has teeth set much nearer to each other and running diagnally across the blade. The teeth are also shallower. This leads to a much finer cut (called planing) and allows for material to be planed down to a very smooth finish.

Metal files, are designed to cut or plane on the stroke away from the body. Using a file in Rasp sets come in different types for forming shapes both directions will eventually spoil the teeth. Rasps and Files can be bought in a few shapes.

Files can be flat on both sides, flat on one side and half-round on the other, completely round or triangular. These shapes allow for most types of shaping to be done with a rasp before the work is finished using finer tools.

See also our project on using rasps.


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