Using a Smoothing plane or a Jack plane requires a little practice and some general knowlege of how to set the blades correctly to stop the plane just digging in the wood. A smoothing plane is used for general planing work when working on shorter pieces of wood and can be used to smooth a piece of work as cleanly as sandpaper. A Smoothing plane is lighter and smaller than a Jack plane which is heavier than a Smoothing plane. The Jack plane is used to plane long pieces of wood.
The key to using a plane of any kind, even a power plane, is to make sure your blade is as sharp as possible.
Other types of plane include:
Rebate plane:- A thin plane used for providing a rebate in timber.
Block plane:- Block planes come in different sizes with large block planes being used for removing a great deal of timber and smaller block planes being used just to chamfer off edges. Block planes are usually much lighter than other planes to allow them to be used for longer periods and even (in the case of the smaller block planes) with one hand.
Bullnosed plane:- The blade in a bullnose plane is set almost to the very front of the plane to allow surfaces to be smoothed into corners.
To use a plane firstly make sure only a tiny section of the blade is sticking out of the underside of the plane and the blade is set square to the plane bottom. Also check the blade is tightened fully.
Clamp your work tightly in a woodworking vice and allow room to work. Put the plane flat on the surface of the timber and push in one stroke to the end of the timber. Do not lift the plane off the work until you have reached the end.
Remove the plane and place it back at the beginning. Do not drag the plane backwards over the work as it will blunt the blade.
Check your work regularly with a carpenters square.